WHEN discussing the ant-mind, we needs to contemplate that those
small animals, at the one hand, vary very largely from ourselves in association, yet nonetheless, have come, via so-called convergence, to own within the kind of a social universal- wealth a unusual courting to us. My topic, besides the fact that, calls for the dialogue of such a lot of complex questions that i'm pressured to imagine acquaintance with the paintings of others, in particular
the components of psychology, and also the works of P. Huber,
Wasmann, von Buttel-Reepen, Darwin, Romanes, Lubbock, my
Fourmis de los angeles Sutsse, and so forth. because the services ot the
sense-organs represent the root of comparative psychology, i need to additionally consult with a sequence of articles entitled "Sensations des Insectes" which i've got lately released (1900-1901) within the Rivista de Biologia Generate, edited by way of Dr. P. Celesia. In those papers i've got outlined my place with recognize to varied authors, in particular
Plateau and Bethe.
Very lately Bethe, Uexkull, and others have denied the life of psychic powers in invertebrate animals. They clarify the latter as reflex-machines, and take their stand at the floor of the so-called psycho-physical parallelism for the aim of demonstrating our lack of ability to acknowledge psychological traits in those animals. they think, although, that they could turn out the mechanical regularity of habit, yet think unknown forces each time they're left within the lurch of their reasons. They regard the brain as first making its visual appeal within the vertebrates, while the previous Cartesians seemed all animals, in contradistinction to guy, as senseless (unconscious) machines.
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ANTS AND SOME OTHER INSECTS; AN INQUIRY INTO THE PSYCHIC POWERS OF THESE ANIMALS (1904)